Kharkiv: Na varti, 1931. 174,  pp.: ill. 17x14 cm. Publisher’s illustrated Constructivist wrappers. Wrappers slightly rubbed, a few bleak stains on the rear cover, small tear of t.p. Otherwise very good.
First and only edition. One of 10000 copies. Very rare. In Ukrainian.
This beautiful edition dedicated to physical education in schools and sport sections or clubs consists of two parts. First part is a kind of a textbook with guidelines on pyramids and other elements, gymnastic formations of two and more people. The authors provide terminology and classifications of elements, principles and techniques of formations, preparations for performance, thematic design of the pyramids, short list of literature (including authors other publications on the subject in Russian and Ukrainian). The second part consists of drawings of pyramids and other elements, for example, formations of figures like airplane or phrases like “1st of May”.
Pyramids and physical education in general was a propaganda tool and a way to bring order to everyday life. Physical exercises were carried out in the form of building pyramids, acrobatic and dance movements, a “live newspaper”, they had to resemble movements of a machine, hammermen, reapers, plowmen, etc. The daily work of clubs and sport sections turned into the preparation of such performances. Defining the ideological orientation of physical culture in a socialist society, the party indicated that it should be considered not only as a means of physical education and rehabilitation, work and military training of young people, but also as a means of rallying the broad masses of the population around the party, Soviet and professional organizations through which they are involved in social and political life. “Soviet officials saw in physical education a way to grow harmonious individuals who would become integral parts of an ideal society ... According to official declarations, the aim of Soviet PE was to prepare the people for the construction of socialism”. “Physical education was one of the ways in which Soviet officials sought to get a healthy and physically strong population. Doctors of the People’s Commissariat of Health considered physical exercise a way of maintaining physical health and productivity. But both in the USSR and in other countries army officers were also interested in physical culture: in their eyes it was one of the types of military training. ... It was also a way to change the attitude of people towards work. In the 1920s, Soviet specialists in physical education created new disciplines: labor gymnastics and labor sports. Soviet physical culture shows combined images of work and sport. ... In contrast to the traditional forms of leisure, which purely could include drinking alcohol, playing cards, Soviet leisure should have been part of a balanced lifestyle”. (Hoffman, D.L. Cultivating the Masses)
Not found on Worldcat.