St. Petersburg: Izd. Obshchestva popecheniia o bol’nykh i ranennykh voinakh, 1871. , 152 pp. 27,5x19 cm. In original illustrated wrappers. Faded, tears of the spine with small fragments lost, white paint on the upper edge of front cover and the second leaf, foxing occasionally, otherwise very good.
First and only edition.
An idea of the Russian Red Cross Society belonged to a founder of the field surgery, scientist Nikolai Pirogov (1810-1871). In 1854 he established the Exaltation of the Holy Cross Community of Sisters of Mercy for the help of wounded soldiers of Crimean War. The first group of nurses gathered 35 women, soon after that, the number rose to 250.
In 1870, International Committee of the Red Cross invited Pirogov with physician I. Bertenson, as representatives of the Russian Red Cross, to visit the battlefields and field hospitals of the Franco-Prussian War. Pirogov examined 70 military hospitals, being interested in the local organization of treating the wounded people, the methods of curing, activities of the Red Cross, etc. He noticed with the pleasure that his idea of using plaster for the casts was applied abroad. He analyzed three methods of curing that were used and overviewed his techniques of life-saving treatment for the heaviest cases.
The Franco-Prussian War made Pirogov think how exactly contemporary military medicine could be improved. He wrote about the need for an independent and well-prepared medical organization in Russia which cared about injured people and wasn’t directly under military command.
The only copy located in Library of Congress.