[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]. O. Zal’tsgeber.
[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]
[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]
[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]
[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]
[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]
[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]

[SOVIET STUDY OF LABOR IN THE EARLY 1930S] Rabochaia mebel’: Voprosy ratsionalizatsii [i.e. Workers’ Furniture: Rationalization Issues]

Moscow: Gos. sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoe izdatel’stvo, 1931. Item #1142

68 pp.: ill. 20x15 cm. In original printed wrappers. Near fine.

First and only edition. One of 10 000 copies.
The manual on how to rationalize labor by well-organized working places. This was one of the key issues studied and promoted by the Scientific Institute of Labor. The Soviet study of labor was initiated by Alexey Gastev in 1920 and experiments lasted until his arrest in the Great Purge. Yet, in the 1920s, he discarded poetry focusing on CIT as his “main artistic work”. He stressed that a human worker wasn’t an implementer but a director of a machine tool. This principle was declared by CIT, observing motion of workers and developing practical courses of motion economy in the workplace. They set up a company ‘Ustanovka’ (Installation) which proposed factories to help them manage business more effectively. Thus, CIT had created work standards and taught tens of thousands of labor organizers implementing standards throughout the country. Several laboratories of the Institute comprehensively analyzed how exactly one man did work, what he felt, what he used, what processes took place inside him and then calculated how he could do work better.
For various types of work, the Institute looked for such a body position that eliminated unnecessary movements and reduced muscle tension. It increased the worker’s productivity in particular and the factory’s output in general. By 1931, ideal worker’s chair constructions had been developed for different working processes. The Institute took into account worker’s necessary movements, unified body measurements, hygienics, economy, aesthetics. To promote rational furniture and to teach workers to use it well, the Institute published books and also shot a few films as the most effective mass medium. The edition is illustrated with numerous schemes and photographs of Soviet and foreign workers’ furniture.
Bibliography lists 37 sources in Russian and 37 sources in foreign languages.

Not found in Worldcat.

Status: On Hold
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