Item #1423 [UFA CITY DURING WORLD WAR II] Front [i.e. The Frontline]. O. Korniychuk.
[UFA CITY DURING WORLD WAR II] Front [i.e. The Frontline]

[UFA CITY DURING WORLD WAR II] Front [i.e. The Frontline]

Ufa: Bashgosizdat, 1942. Item #1423

112 pp. 14x11 cm. In original printed wrappers. Occasional stains on covers and the outer edge of pages, fragments of covers and spine lost, tears of t.p. and front cover, pencil signature T. Sattarov (?) dated May 8, 1943 and placed to p.3 , otherwise very good and clean internally.

First and only Bashkir wartime edition. One of 3000 copies. The book was printed on December 9, 1942: after the Second Battle of Kharkov, known as the Kharkov Catastrophe, and shortly before the counterattack of the Red Army under Stalingrad.
The lettering on the covers and the title page are in Russian. A list of characters, printed on the rear side of the title page, and the whole text are in Bashkir.
The play was written by a Soviet Ukrainian playwright and official Oleksandr Korniychuk (1905-1972). In 1937, Korneichuk was the first Ukrainian playwright to bring Lenin to the stage - he showed him in the play ‘Pravda’. After that, both Nikita Khrushchev and Lazar Kaganovich recommended the young author to Stalin. Their meeting happened at the Kremlin in 1938 and ended positively for the author. Korniychuk’s plays were translated into most languages of the Soviet Union and started to be staged all over the country. The Soviet leader also favored his plays ‘Bogdan Khmelnitsky’ (1939), ‘In the Steppes of Ukraine’ (1941), ‘Frontline’ (1942).
During the Great Patriotic War, Korneichuk witnessed military actions as a correspondent of central newspapers. His play ‘Frontline’ was written based on personal instructions and with the correction by Stalin. In this work, old generals - who won the Civil War - were criticized because they didn’t know how to fight in the new conditions. In response to the outrage of the generals themselves, Stalin said: “Fight better, then there will be no such plays”.
This particular edition was published in Ufa. The Bashkir region was far enough from the frontline that prevented the city from being bombed by enemy aircraft. Thus, Ufa hosted 104 thousand people and about 40 industrial enterprises from the western regions of the country. Among them were 26 plants from Rybinsk, 2 plants from Leningrad, government agencies and research institutes, including the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, as well as Unions of Composers, Artists, Writers, Architects of Ukraine.
“Ufa is the temporary Moscow” - people were saying. The Executive Committee of the Communist International (IK Komintern) was evacuated to Ufa and led propaganda broadcasting until the dissolution of the Komintern in May 1943. The general secretaries of the Communist Parties - Palmiro Togliatti (Italy), Maures Torez (France), Clement Gottwald (Czechoslovakia), Dolores Ibarruri (Spain), et al. - conducted their anti-fascist propaganda from Ufa. New hospitals and orphanages were opened. Preparations of the Army and Navy reserves were held in the city, the evacuated factories settled and continued production of tractors and military vehicles, communication and electrical equipment, building materials, fuel, etc.
Ufa theaters revised their repertoire. Leading theater groups staged performances on military topics. The Ufa Russian Drama Theater showed plays about the fight against the Nazi invaders, including ‘Frontline’ by A. Korneichuk, ‘Harsh Days’ by N. Virta and ‘Luibov’ Iarovaia’ by K. Trenev.

Worldcat doesn’t track this edition.

Price: $350.00

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