Item #1903 [UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov
[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov

[UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE] Album of architectural projects by architect N. Toporkov

Item #1903

[Kharkiv], [1920-1940s]. 47 leaves with 66 photos and 24 drawings + 2 separate leaves with 2 photos. 25x36 cm. In contemporary full-cloth binding with stamped frame, gilt edges and gilt doublure; in modern case. Binding restored, names of authors handwritten on front cover, covers and leaves slightly soiled, edges of separate leaves worn, otherwise very good.
Signed by the author on the front flyleaf.

The album is a catalogue of completed architectural projects by Ukrainian architect Nikolay Toporkov, created by the architect himself, likely consisting of all his commissioned work in 1920-1930s. The drawings are original projects, submitted at the time for the construction, and the photos are photographs from the same projects. Next to most of the projects, in author’s hand we can see the note on when they were built. Ukrainian captions under projects define a year of realization. Among projects displayed are: a Kyiv railway station, a building of the Housing Cooperative “Nowe” near the Sumskoy market in Kharkiv (built in 1928), original Sverdlov overpass across a railroad in Kharkiv (built in 1927 and blown up in 1941), a club and a canteen for the Luhansk colony of working youth, housing construction for some districts, the Ukrainian pavilion for the 1923 Agricultural Exhibition in Moscow, the Kharkiv house of young pioneers, the Kadiivka power station (built in 1930), full list of projects could be found below.

His most frequent co-author was architect E. Dmitrieva and her name is written on the front cover next to Toporkov himself. Together they created, for instance, a project for the City Station of the Kharkov Railway Junction. This was a 4-storey station: shops, city station, trade office and hotel. It was approved for construction in 1927. They co-created projects of exemplary houses for a new village in 1945. These projects were shown at a Lviv exhibition held by the Provincial Administration for Rural and Collective Farm Construction. Next to the photos of exhibits, Toporkov himself is portrayed. A caption reads that he was the chief architect of this organization. Toporkov’s early projects feature shtetl houses for Kamianets-Podilskyi (1919, 1921). By the early 20th century, most of the city population were Jewish people. At the time Toporkov worked there the city was under control of short-lived Ukrainian Republic of 1910s, predecessor of the modern day Ukraine.

Toporkov’s work in Kharkiv, presented in this album, is of utmost importance – as in 1920s the town was one of the cradles of architectural constructivism. Around the time Kharkiv was the experimentation ground for the architects like S. Serafimov, S. Kravets and M. Felger, A.Molokin, P.Frolov. Among the projects completed was the famous ‘First Soviet Skyscraper’. (Derzhprom, 1925). Most of the architects responsible for the famous projects were called from Moscow and Leningrad, so it’s interesting how the Ukrainian architect fit into this picture with his works – we can see 9 projects by Toporkov in the album, built in Kharkov in 1920s-early 1930s.
Luahnsk, from which another few projects are included, is less-known as a constructivist town, however the project of ‘colony of the working youth’ (1932) and the projects of housing suggest, that this area require additional research, for their original designs. It’s worth noting also that most of the buildings from the album were created and built in 1920-1930s, were still standing in 1945, when the album was completed. However, being rebuilt or destroyed since for different reasons, they serve as a remaining evidence of the architectural profile of these Ukrainian regions: Kamenets-Podolsky, Kyiv, Kharkov, Poltava, Luhansk, Donbass, Bezhetsk
In all, a valuable collection of projects of early Soviet Ukrainian constructions, likely done in one copy only for architect’s own keepsake.

Works from the album:
1. Kyiv railway station 2 (1934)
2. city station of the Kharkov railway junction 6
(1927)
3. complex of buildings of the Southern Railways
in Kharkov 6 (1926)
4. residential development in Kharkov 2 (1923-
1928)
5. power plant in Kadievka 2 (1927)
6. electrified railway station on the Debaltsevo-
Zverevo line of the Southern Railways (1934)
7. duty rooms for conductor teams at the station.
Lazovaya 2 (1927)
8. theater at the station. Sarygol 2 (1927)
9. office building at the station. Poltava 3 (1927)
10. barracks in Kharkov 5 (1927)
11. overpass in the same place 2 (1927)
12. colony of working youth in Lugansk 2 (1932)
13. Palace of Communal Workers in Kharkov 3
(1932)
14. residential areas in Kharkov and Lugansk 4
15. Ukrainian pavilion of the agricultural
exhibition in Moscow (1923)
16. kiosk of the State Publishing House of
Ukraine in Kharkov (1924)
17. Ogurtsovsky passage in Kharkov (1925)
18. individual residential buildings in Kharkov and
Kyiv 9 (1938-1945)
19. Palace of Pioneers in Kharkov 3 (1934)
20. city station of Kharkov railway junction 2
(1927)
21. unknown building
22. colony for working youth in Lugansk (1932)
23. residential building of the Bezhetsk flax mill
(1935)
24. residential complex in Lugansk 2 (1930)
25. exemplary collective farmer’s hut in Poltava
region 2 (1940)
26. summer dining room with kitchen 2 (1927)
27. individual residential buildings, in particular
in the Ukrainian Baroque style in Kamenets-
Podolsky and Kharkov 20 (1919-1931)
28. rural cinema (1923)
29. Photos from exhibitions of architectural
projects in Kharkov and Lvov 3 (1945; in one of
the photographs is N. Toporkov himself).

Status: On Hold
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