Kyiv: printed at Lavra typography, 1652. 315 leaves [of them 55 supplied in later manuscript]. Full-leather late XVIII-early XIXth century binding. Two different clasps (both working). Some stains on the pages, but overall in very good condition for the book of common use.
The printed text starts with leaf 42 (Baptism), everything before is supplied in manuscript. In few places in text different parts of the rites are supplied in 19th century manuscript as well as the calendar in the end. Because of the manuscript additions text of the Breviary itself is full. One manuscript part, consisting ‘Question to the laity, newcomers to confession’ are arguably earlier, likely mid-18th century. All the additional texts and preface are not preserved. One of the two woodcuts are preserved (the crucifix), multiple headpieces, endings and book initials in text.
The woodcut is made for this edition by the famous Lavra engraver Ilya. He is best known for his works for Paterik, that came out in 1661 and a range of illustrated Ukrainian early printed books of 17th century. The book came out in important part of Lavra history, one of the few printed under 8-year reign of Iosif Trizna (1647-1655), who was the archimandrite of the monastery since 1647 after the death of Pyotr Mohila. Descended from a noble old Ukrainian noble family Triesen. From an early age he was brought up and was tonsured in the Kyiv Lavra. He studied at the Kyiv fraternal school. He supported the uprising of Bogdan Khmelnitsky.
He was present at the Seimas of 1649-1650, which ratified the Zborowski treaty with the Cossacks. He opposed the political and ecclesiastical dependence of Ukraine on Moscow. Together with Metropolitan Sylvester Kosov, he refused to swear allegiance to the Pereyaslav Rada, which declared an alliance with Moscow. However, later, in 1654, he went for it under pressure from Khmelnitsky and the Cossacks. Iosif also was preparing the first printed edition of Paterik, Lavra’s history and lives of its saints, that came out in 1661. Trizna editing transformed Paterik from collection of biographies of important personalities of Lavra to something bigger: the events are viewed in context with Russian and even universal spiritual life. The publication of this edition holds significant historical relevance within the context of the Orthodox Church. In 1652, Patriarch Nikon assumed leadership, commencing a six-year reign that resulted in the revision of most crucial religious texts. This period witnessed a division within the Church, the emergence of the Old Believer movement, and subsequent reforms. Notably, the Russian Orthodox Church drew heavily upon Western traditions during the editing and subsequent liturgical practices. Lavra, renowned for printing influential books, served as a cornerstone for these endeavors.
For instance, the renowned Pyotro Mohyla's Euchologion, printed in 1646, became the foundation for the Euchologions (Trebniks) employed during the mid-17th century and beyond. The immense efforts dedicated to this publication stood as one of Mohyla's most significant accomplishments. Given the historical context, it remains an intriguing question for future research whether Trizna's Euchologion, given his earlier anti-Moscow sentiments, played a role in shaping future canonic texts for Russian Orthodox Church.