Item #1951 [ILLEGAL COMMUNIST PUBLISHING IN GALICIA] K-r, L. Profesiini spilky i ikh zavdannia [i.e. Trade unions and their tasks]
[ILLEGAL COMMUNIST PUBLISHING IN GALICIA] K-r, L. Profesiini spilky i ikh zavdannia [i.e. Trade unions and their tasks]
[ILLEGAL COMMUNIST PUBLISHING IN GALICIA] K-r, L. Profesiini spilky i ikh zavdannia [i.e. Trade unions and their tasks]

[ILLEGAL COMMUNIST PUBLISHING IN GALICIA] K-r, L. Profesiini spilky i ikh zavdannia [i.e. Trade unions and their tasks]

L'viv: z drukarni Naukovoho tovarystva imeny Shevchenka for Nova Kul'tura, 1925 (1924 on the cover). Item #1951

80 pp. Album format. 11 x 15.5 cm. Illustrated publisher’s covers. Overall good condition. Spots, creases, stains on the cover. Foxing inside. Rust on staples.

After a short 1919 Polish-Ukrainian war, part of the Western Ukraine, including Lviv and its territories, was forced under the Polish reign and stayed so till 1939, affecting lives of over 5 mln. Ukrainians. At first, the Polish government declared all the possible freedoms and rights of national minorities, but from 1924 the situation quickly started to get worse. Time of forced assimilation came. However, Polish Ukrainians were still a huge diaspora, so huge, that there were even different political forces and ideas within it. One of them was communism.
This brochure was printed under the initiative of the illegal Komunistychna partiia Zakhidnoi Ukrainy [Communist party of the Western Ukraine]. In 1920’s activities of KPZU, including printing, were partially funded by the Bolsheviks. KPZU had several thousand members. Underground publications were thriving. It is known that during 1919-1933 communist organisations in Galicia printed a total 190 books and brochures, some of them abroad with the support of the Polish and Austrian communists. Also illegal bulletins, ephemera and newspapers were printed in abundance. There were even separate underground newspapers for the soldiers of the region and some leaflets printed in Yiddish. More than that, KPZU played it smart and used some of the friendly organisations to print legal books and legal newspapers under the name of another organisation, but with communist ideas on the pages. The books had to undergo only a short content review with a Polish censor, so more or less ordinary books were able to get a permit to be published. It is unclear whether this exact brochure was printed illegally or with a censor approval. It’s all in the contents. On the outside, this is a general guide book aimed to help Ukrainian-speaking workers to understand their rights and share light on the 1910-1920’s trade union movement all around the world. On the inside, the book is exploiting this card of national oppression to find the road to the reader’s heart. At the same time, marxist ideas are combined with the exhortations that the unions cannot be apolitical and should be tightly connected with the party. According to the author, the party “shows the purpose, road, methods and tactics of the fight” to the union. One can only guess how the censor regarded such content. However, the anonymity of the book and the discrepancy between year of issue on the cover and on the title might be a hint that this book was printed illegally.

Rare. Not i in WorldCat. Not in KVK. Not in the National Library of Ukraine.

Price: $650.00

Status: On Hold
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