Verniy, 1906; Moscow, 1913. V.1. , XII, 731,  pp.; V.2. IX, 473 pp. 24,5x16 cm. In two modern half-leather bindings. Good condition.
Extremely rare set of the first edition of the main work by Fyodorov. Vol. 1 was printed locally in Verniy (now Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan), only 480 copies were produced - this explains the level of rarity.
Nikolay Fyodorov (1829-1903) is one of the most interesting Russian philosophers, futurologist and the founder of Russian cosmism. During his lifetime he never published his books but preferred to spread his thoughts in manuscripts, occasionally printing something but always under pseudonyms. It was done because Fyodorov avoided the publicity and didn’t like the idea of getting paid for his work.
This edition was prepared by his followers Vladimir Kozhevnikov and Nikolay Peterson who did it in Fyodorov’s spitir - the limited number of copies was printed not for sale but to be distributed among the libraries and the scientific societies.
As a futurist a lot of his highly unorthodox ideas can be found here: immortality, revival of the dead, ocean and space colonization. The core idea of Fyodorov’s philosophy is the overcoming of death.
Today Fyodorov is credited with foreseeing the ecological problems of the 20th century, raising the problem of states and armies destroying the Earth. He pictures the scene where humans live in a harmony with the nature, rule it and eventually overcome the death itself. Fyodorov always regarded the Earth as a part of the universe, so in his writings there is a lot on space exploration.
One of his other original ideas was his view on the Holy Trinity: he thought that the Holy Ghost could be regarded as the ‘daughter’ of God.
Tsiolkovsky’s famous slogan ‘Earth is the cradle of the humanity but the humanity should not remain the the cradle forever’ is inspired by Fyodorov, and Tsiolkosvky can be considered his student. It’s also known that Korolev studied ‘The Philosophy of the Common Deed’ very carefully.
No copies in the Worldcat.