The original handwritten manuscript. Kaluga, 1921. 10 pages of text with illustrations. 21x14 cm.
This appears to be unknown and unpublished text by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.
This work that consists of 677 words has the same title as the article that Tsiolkosvky wrote in the late 1890s and published in 1903 in the periodical ‘Nauchnoe obozrenie’ [i.e. Scientific Review]. However the text is completely different from that article - it differs from its original publication as well as from the later versions of 1911, 1914 and 1926. In fact, in the Tsiolkovsky’s bibliography, there are described 4 texts under the same title (The Resources for the Existence during the Flight) but these are different texts. This appears to be the 5th, written in 1921 in Kaluga. The first publication of the different text with the same title was almost banned when the censor turned it down because of its ‘lack of substance’. In that case, famously Mendeleev was asked for help and he suggested to emphasise the importance of Tsiolkovsky’s work for pyrotechnics and note that it’s helpful in regards with the celebrations of the holidays of Imperial Family.
However, when ‘The Resources...’ was published, the print run of that issue was lost alongside with the original manuscript so Tsiolkovsky had to re-write this article in 1911.
Our text has a different structure and different ideas than the other variations of the article. Upon comparing it to other versions we could say that only 25% of the ideas were used in the known articles but were phrased differently. Most of the manuscript is concentrated on the conditions of the human body in space, in particular on how to prepare the body for space travel. It articulates about one of his famous ideas, in particular, the idea of artificial gravity on a spaceship. Tsiolkovsky thought that one of the possibilities to achieve the gravity was to make the spaceship spin. He is also credited with the idea of using a centrifuge for preparation for the flights and he dedicates a large part of the article to it, describing the experiments on dogs he undertook (“increasing the weight of the dog 10 times, I didn’t manage to kill it”).
Two drawings at the end show a man in the centrifuge machine (with the footnote “How I would like to participate in this myself”) and the man in the state of weightlessness. The last phrases of the manuscript are: ‘The feeling of the flight, this is magnificent! Away from the chains!!! 7 of June 1921. K.Tsiolkovsky’.