[LABOUR AS A PART OF EDUCATION] Iunosheskii trud: Polozhenie i perspektivy [i.e. Youth Labor: The Current State and Perspectives]
Kharkiv: VUSPS, 1925. Item #793
56 pp. 17x12,5 cm. In original illustrated wrappers with constructivist design. In very good condition, some foxing on the covers, a couple of pale old stamps on the title page.
First and only edition. One of 8000 copies. Very rare.
This is an interesting book on the working minors and phenomenon of ‘fabzavuch’ (factory and plant apprenticeship).
The minor labour in the Soviet Union was not prohibited but had been limited and transformed into an essential part of education. The first days of the Bolshevik rule enacted the minor labour laws restricting age, working hours and determining the minimum wage. The book contains the tables with the minor labour statistics in different fields in Russia and Ukraine.
The numbers given in the book are that 13,8% of the working class were under 16 years of age and 2,6% (238 000) were under 12 years of age prior to the revolution but in 1917 the special decree stated that nobody aged 14 or younger could be employed and minors aged 14-18, should work 6 hours a day.
All in all the stats given shine the light on the state of youth labor in the USSR: they were underpaid (35 kopeks on the theoretical ruble an adult would make), still working in the dangerous conditions. To those problems the solution is according to the author establishing of fabzavuch schools.
In 1920 the fabzavuch appeared and by 1923 there were more than 65 000 such industrial schools. In fact, the fabzavuch students gained the theoretical basis as well, but it was rather self-education than organized classes.
All in all an interesting and honest report on the phenomenon.
No copies located in USA.