[PAVLOV’S MAIN WORK] Lectures on the Work of the Principal Digestive Glands
St. Petersburg: I.N. Kushnereff & Ko. 1897. Item #1
[Lektsii o rabote glavnykh pishchevaritelnykh zhelyoz]
, II, 223 p. 8vo. Contemporary owner’s cardboards, original wrapper is glued to the front board. The owner’s inscription (dated 15/XII/1902) on the wrapper. The private stamp of L.E. Gakkel on the title verso. Good clean copy. The binding is shattered, one of the signatures can be detached. The edges of the binding are rubbed, the paper on corner of the rear board is missing.
Rare. First edition.
The ground-breaking work in the field of physiology. Undoubtedly one of the main works of Russian science.
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) was a Russian physiologist who contributed to many areas of neurological sciences. During the 1890s he was looking at salivation in dogs as a response to being fed, when he noticed that his dogs would begin to salivate whenever he entered the room, even when he was not bringing them food. At first he found this something of a nuisance, but what he had accidentally discovered was the phenomenon of classical conditioning. Pavlov performed and directed experiments on digestion, eventually publishing this work after 12 years of research. He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1904 for his work.
His discovery has gained growing significance in political practices and sociological sciences. He concluded that even such concepts as freedom, curiosity and religion were conditioned reflexes of the brain. ''Essentially, only one thing in life is of real interest to us— our psychical experience,'' he said in his Nobel address. ''Its mechanism, however, was and still is shrouded in profound obscurity. All human resources—art, religion, literature, philosophy, and the historical sciences—all have joined in the attempt to throw light upon this darkness. But humanity has at its disposal yet another powerful resource—natural science with its strict objective methods.''.