Petropoli: Typis Academiae Scientiarum, . , 40 pp. 21,9x17,5 cm. Modern half-leather. Very good internally.
First edition. One of the major works by Mikhail Lomonosov and his main contribution to optics.
On the basis of many years of research and numerous experiments, Lomonosov developed a theory of light and put forward a three-component theory of color, with the help of which he explained the physiological mechanisms of color phenomena. According to Lomonosov, colors are caused by the action of three types of ether and three types of color-sensing matter that makes up the bottom of the eye. The theory of color and color vision, which Lomonosov presented in 1756, has stood the test of time and has taken its rightful place in the history of physical optics.
Sergei Vavilov spoke of this theory: ‘‘It is impossible not to appreciate its wit, deep originality, and, most importantly, intuitive guessing of the fact of connection, resonance between light and matter’’.
The speech was printed simultaneously in Russian and in Latin as Lomonosov wanted to get his ideas as widespread as possible.
In May 1758, the Academic Chancellery sent this speech abroad to the addresses indicated by Lomonosov, and already in December, abstracts and reviews about it began to appear in the European press.