Vinnytsia: Vyd. M-va presy y propahandy, 1919. Item #1284
42 pp. 17x13 cm. Fine.
Extremely rare first edition.
This historical essay ‘‘Kuban and Ukraine’’ was written by Vasyl Pachovsky (1878-1942), a Ukrainian poet and historian associated with the idea of revival of the Ukrainian state. The edition was printed during the short-term independence of the Kuban People’s Republic (KPR) (1918-1920), when KPR unsuccessfully sought union with the Ukrainian People’s Republic. The book describes the history of Kuban from Ukrainian settlement (in particular the Zaporozhian Cossacks) before the creation of the Kuban People’s Republic. The edition, which was printed only a few months before the Soviet occupation, consists of the following sections: Kuban and Ukraine, Zaporizhzhia – the heart of Ukraine, the people quarrel - the enemies rejoice, new Sich – a new road, overrun of the Cossacks over the Black Sea, the Kuban army, and the Kuban Republic at the crossroads.
From the middle ages, the historical territory of Kuban belonged to Circassia, the Nogai horde, and the Crimean Khanate. In 1783, with the abolition of the Khanate, the lower Kuban passed to Imperial Russia, after which its colonization became an important step in the Empire’s expansion. On July 2, 1792, Empress Catherine II issued a decree on the resettlement of Ukrainian Cossacks in the region. As a result, thousands of Ukrainian Cossacks and their families moved to the Kuban region, forming 40 kurins (units of Zaporizhian Cossacks) that were immediately included into the Black Sea Army. The ranks of the Black Sea Cossacks were replenished mainly by Ukrainian Cossacks from Chernihiv and Poltava provinces, Sloboda Cossacks from Kharkiv province, as well as troops from various Ukrainian Cossack Hosts that had been previously abolished. The resettlement campaigns took place in 1792-1793, 1808–1811, 1820–1821, 1832, 1848–1849, 1862-1866 and counted over 100,000 descendants from central Ukrainian territories.
Following the 1917 February Revolution, the Kuban governing council proclaimed itself the sole administrative body of the region and a year later announced the independence of the Kuban People’s Republic from Bolshevik Russia. During its brief independence, the Republic unsuccessfully sought union with Ukraine, announcing diplomatic ties between the Kuban People’s Republic and the Ukrainian People’s Republic. Kuban was de facto occupied by the forces of Anton Denikin on 6 November 1919, before being fully occupied and annexed by the Soviets in the spring of 1920.
At different times, Vasyl Pachovsky studied in the Faculty of Medicine at the Lviv University (1899-1901), the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Vienna (1901-1903), and the Faculty of Philosophy at Lviv University (1903). On September 18, 1905, the National School Council of Galicia appointed Vasyl the role of the deputy teacher and sent him to Stanislaviv (now Ivano-Frankivsk) for a one-year pedagogical internship at a state gymnasium with Ukrainian as the language of instruction. Two years later, Pachovsky organized the literary group «Young Muse», a circle of Ukrainian-Galician poets who followed the Western European modernist trend in literature. From September 24, 1909 until the outbreak of the First World War, he worked as a deputy teacher in the branch of the Lviv Academic Gymnasium. Pachovsky went down in history as a talented writer, poet, playwright, and translator, who actively promoted the idea of revival of the Ukrainian state.
Overall, an extremely rare edition published during the short-term existence of Kuban’s People Republic.
No copies found in Worldcat.