[SPORTS ARCHITECTURE] Fizkul’turnye sooruzheniia [i.e. Physical Culture Constructions]
Leningrad: Fizkul’tura i turizm, 1932. Item #1329
292 pp.: ill. 21x13,5 cm. In original full-cloth binding with lettering on the front cover and the spine. Slightly rubbed and weakened, no back flyleaf, contemporary signature on t.p., some pencil notes, otherwise very good and clean.
First edition. One of 7,000 copies. Rare.
An early guide by the major Soviet specialist in sports architecture, Sergei Zverintsev. His 1930s works were the only Soviet practical directories on this issue.
During the first 20 years of the Soviet rule, the country had built 350 stadiums, 700 sports areas, 250 ski stations and 100 palaces of physical culture. Admiring sport and healthy lifestyle, the USSR went on and increased these numbers. The sport was promoted wherever possible: posters, books and press, television, speeches on mass events and working meetings. Physical education and sports activities were organized in two directions: compulsory and voluntary. All students of schools and higher educational institutions, Red Army soldiers, police and some other organizations were involved in compulsory classes. Gymnastic breaks were included in the working day at factories in order to raise productivity, improve health and prevent employee fatigue.
Common sports events were regularly held for workers’ collectives. This richly illustrated edition promoted both sports architecture and different kinds of sport themselves, but it was written for architects and engineers. The author explained what exactly athletes would do, how much space these people would use and what materials would be better for any construction. The text is supplemented by technical drawings of diving towers and water slides, plans of courts and fields for tennis, basketball, hockey, etc., as well as swimming pools, ski stations, houses of physical culture and others.
Worldcat shows copies of the edition located in Princeton and Stanford Universities.