Moscow: Trud i Kniga, 1924. Item #1387
47,  pp: ill. 17x13 cm. In original publisher’s illustrated wrappers by Samuil Adlivankin. Spine and pages along the spine restored, otherwise mint.
Scarce. First edition. Wrapper design and black and white illustrations by the Soviet artist Samuil Adlivankin (1897-1966).
An agitational poem written by Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893- 1930) and Sergey Tretyakov (1892-1937) and dedicated to the new Labor Code of the RSFSR (1922). Penned in the form of a children’s poem, the text was intended to explain the essence of the new Labor Code and to shed light on its advantages in an easy and understandable manner. Printed alongside the text are illustrations by Samuil Adlivankin, depicting the state of the workers before the October Revolution and the Russian Civil War and the improvement in their lives under the new regime. A few years after the publication of the book, both Mayakovsky and Tretyakov became disillusioned with the USSR and the Bolshevik regime. Tretyakov was arrested on July 25, 1937, and executed on the charges of espionage.
The artist Samuil Adlivankin was born in Tatarsk (Mogilev province) and as a child, received a traditional Jewish education. From 1912 to 1917, he studied at the Odessa Art School, and from 1918 to 1919, studied in Moscow under the direction of the painter Vladimir Tatlin. During the 1920s, Adlivankin drew caricatures for various magazines and designed propaganda posters in collaboration with Vladimir Mayakovsky. Like many other Jewish artists and intellectuals in the USSR, during the late 1940s, Adlivankin was accused of cosmopolitism; his works were subjected to severe criticism and until the mid-1950s were not displayed in exhibitions. His first and only solo exhibition was held in Moscow in 1961, a few years before his death.
The transition from the policy of war Communism to the new economic policy required a change in Soviet labor legislation, bringing it into line with the new conditions of socio-economic life. As a result, on November 9, 1922, the Soviet state adopted the second Labor Code, which entered into force on November 22. The decree abolished the labor mobilization of skilled workers and specialists at state enterprises. The basis for admission to work became an employment contract concluded by the employee and the administration. The procedure for dismissal from work was also changed. The length of the working day was reduced to 8 hours, and for adolescents aged 16 to 18 years, a 6-hour workday was established. Weekly rest, holidays, and annual holidays were also legally fixed. Particular attention was paid to the regulation of the labor of adolescents and women. The second Labor Code was active until 1971 when the Soviet state adopted the Fundamentals of the USSR Legislation on Labor.
Worldcat shows 1 copy of the edition at Getty Library.