Sbornik: Pereklichka narodov [i.e. Collection : Roll Call of Ethnic Groups] / B. Lapin, M. Shkapskaia, V. Lebedev, et al.
Moscow: Molodaia gvardiia, 1931. Item #1502
333,  pp.: ill. 20x14 cm. In original illustrated wrappers. Covers rubbed, with tears of spine, otherwise very good and clean.
First and only edition. One of 10,300 copies. Constructivist cover design by V. Shcheptev. The front cover features small groups of indigenous women undertaking traditional occupations. The back design shows a Turkmenian peasant driving a tractor.
Serving as a de facto manifesto for Soviet national policy, the book was compiled by eleven journalists. The collection describes a number of expeditions to the Far East, Altai, Central Asia and the Caucasus in the 1920s.
The book opens with Boris Lapin’s essay on Eskimos living in the farthest point of the country, along the border with the USA. He recorded common words and phrases, took pictures, noted Eskimo customs and detailed interactions between indigenous people and socialist organizations in Uelen. In particular, Lapin highlighted a 1923 report describing an episode in which, in line with their customs, Eskimo people requested a local revolutionary committee to strangle an old and sick and old woman. The application had been approved, but the representative was later arrested for this “Chukotka policy”. Maria Shkapskaia was sent with the VSNKh Commission to survey the De-Kastri locality (now Khabarovsk Krai). This land was supposed to host a timber enterprise with open access to the bay. The essay reveals the life of local fishermen living alongside workers of a new socialist settlement, Dal’les.
Writers Dmitrii Stonov and Afanasii Koptelov gave an overview of the traditions and customs of Altai both before and under Soviet power. For example, this book called Biysk a “small, provincial and miserable” settlement where a railroad from Novosibirsk terminated. Altai women were adjusting to modern life, learning how to improve their overall health, achieve equal labor rights, and they were abandoning shamanism and their traditional daily routines. A picture of International Women’s Day being celebrated in an Altai town featured. The essays shared impressions and memories of early kolkhozes and the developments that corresponded with socialist ideals.
The ethnic groups of Pamir mountains, Turkmenistan, Khevsureti were also visited and described for readers.
Worldcat lists only one copy, located in LoC.
Price: $2,500.00Status: On Hold