[MOSCOW AND NOVGOROD’S CHURCH ARCHITECTURE] Kratkiy ocherk istorii Novgorodskoy i Moskovskoy arkhitektury. [i.e. Brief Summary of the History of Novgorod and Moscow Architecture]
Kyiv: tipografiya T-va I. N. Kushnerev i K. Karavayevskaya, №5, 1912. New Book. Item #1660
50 pp.: ill. 16.8x24.1 cm. In the owner's quarter cloth binding with original wrappers is preserved. Fine condition.
Scarce. First edition.
With 35 black and white illustrations showing specimens of church architecture from the past of Moscow and Novgorod.
AN EARLY RUSSIAN BOOK ABOUT MOSCOW AND NOVGOROD'S CHURCH ARCHITECTURE WRITTEN BY GRIGORY PALUTSKY (1861-1924), A UKRAINIAN ART HISTORIAN AND RESEARCHER OF ANCIENT UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURE AND ICON PAINTING.
The edition can be divided into two sections. In the first section, which deals with the church architecture of Novgorod city, the author distinguishes three time periods: 1) the 11th century and the beginning of the 12th century – six-pillar churches of the Byzantine type, 2) The end of the 12th century – four-pillar churches characterized by the clash of Byzantine and new motives 3) The end of the 13th century until the second half of the 14th century – the heyday of Novgorod architecture. The author begins his survey with the St. Sophia Cathedral, built in 1045. He disputes the theory of Lukomsky that the Novgorod church architecture bears traces of Armenian origin and underlines the Byzantine character of the temples. Galaktionov, step by step, analyzes numerous specimens of all three types of Novgorod church architecture and provides a vivid description of characteristic elements for each period. The second section of the book, dedicated to the Moscow church architecture, starts with a review of the first stone church, the Savior in the Danilov Monastery (1272). The author notes that, like the Novgorod temples, the Moscow architecture of this period was saturated by Byzantine motives. Galaktionov distinguishes the reign of Ivan III (1440-1505) as the most fruitful period for Moscow architecture and underlines the immense impact Dormition Cathedral (1475) had on the subsequent construction of churches. The remaining text examines various examples of Moscow church architecture from the 16th through the end of the 17th century when certain distinctive forms, such as simplicity, gave way to the European Baroque.
One of the Kyiv School of Art History leaders, Grigory Palutsky, graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of the University of Kyiv in 1886. After giving trial lectures to students of the University of Kyiv, "On the Origins of Art in Greece," the young researcher received the title of associate professor, and in 1897 defended his doctoral dissertation "On Genre Subjects in Greek Art before the Hellenistic Era." The same year Palutsky was elected as an extraordinary professor of the newly established Department of Art History, where he worked until his death. A specialist in classical art, Grigory was actively involved in studying ancient Ukrainian church architecture, including wooden folk cult architecture. His book Davnye derev'yane tserkovne zodchestvo u pivdenno-zakhidnomu krayi Rosiyi [i.e. Ancient Wooden Church Architecture in the Southwestern Part of Russia] was the first comprehensive study in this area.
No copies found in Worldcat.