[PROPAGANDA OF NURSERIES IN KOLKHOZ] Pochemu neobkhodimy iasli v kolkhozakh [i.e. Why the Nursery in Kolkhoz is Necessary]
Moscow: Gosmedizdat, 1930. Item #278
8 pp. 17x13 cm. In original illustrated wrappers. Near fine.
This tiny brochure from the series ‘The Health of Kolkhoznik’ is dedicated to the explanation of the purpose of nurseries and why they are good for the parents. The collectivization of its agricultural sector in USSR started in 1928, so this brochure was supposed to reach newly made kolkhoz and sovkhoz. The most interesting thing is that the book explains basic simple things, e.g. children of different ages need different care, and in the nursery there are medical personnel and educators who understand this and can provide needed care. It is also interesting to note unusual practices specific for kolkhoz: children were examined after arrival, changed into clean clothes, and personal clothes were put into a bag.
Another goal of this edition was to educate the mother - nursery was a sort of a school for young mother where she could learn while watching personnel how to properly handle children in terms of hygiene especially. In fact nurseries reduce the mortality of children.
In the end, it is noted that a nursery is a way to relieve a peasant woman from hardships and superstitions and that she builds a bright future along with men. In USSR nurseries and kindergartens were being built since its first days as the young state needed millions of workers. Maternity leave lasted for two months after the baby was born. Mothers had to get back to work, there were no excuses.
Worldcat locates no copies.